These paintings are small pieces on panel. They are produced whilst painting larger works, which helps me to work out any issues I may have with them. They are to be viewed as paintings that are separate from, but equal to, the main body of work. The idea of using black and white only, came out of frustration with a piece which I needed to pare down to a more basic form. This has further developed over time into a group of paintings in their own right, which I call Monochromes.